At a Glance – Driving Licence application procedures.

First let’s see, who do not need driving licence and should not drive vehicles in India:

If you say “yes” to any of below questions, then surely you do not need driving licence.

  • Below 18 years old and you would like to drive gear vehicles or vehicle above 50 CC?
  • Physically challenged with % percentage?
  • Not physically or mentally fit to drive 2-wheeler or 4-wheeler vehicle?
  • An NRI and do not hold international driving licence?

The Motor Vehicles Act of 1988 states that no individual without the Driving licence is authorized to drive a motor vehicle in a public place.

Who needs Driving licence in India:

If you say “yes” to any of below questions, then surely you need driving licence.

  • Are you above 16 years old and would like to drive two-wheeler without gear or vehicle below 50 CC?
  • Are you interested to drive any of 2-wheeler or 4-wheeler vehicles?
  • Do you know to drive 2-wheeler or 4-wheeler vehicle and you will get a chance to drive it?
  • Do you own 2-wheeler or 4-wheeler vehicle and you will get a chance to drive it?

If you say “yes” to any of question and your 18 years old, then it is necessary and most important to get driving licence in India.

Choose which vehicle type driving licence do you wish to apply?

  1. Motorcycles with engine capacity of 50 cc or less than 50 cc
  2. Motorcycles with gear, motorcycles with a capacity of 50 cc or more, Light Motor Vehicles (LMVs) including cars
  3. All Motorcycles types including Motorcycle with gear
  4. Motorcycles of any cc but with no gears – including scooters and mopeds
  5. Light Motor Vehicle for non-transport purposes
  6. Light Motor Vehicle intended for commercial purposes

Therefore an individual who wants to drive any type of motor vehicle in India must get his/her learner’s licence first. As name indicates, learner’s licence is issued for learning.

Checklist of documents required for applying learner’s licence:

  • Proof of Address (any one document from the list given below)
    • Recent electricity or telephone bill
    • LIC Bond
    • Aadhaar Card
    • Passport
    • House agreement
    • Ration Card
  • Age Proof (any one document of the below given list of documents)
    • PAN Card
    • Birth Certificate
    • Transfer certificate from any school for any class with date of birth printed on it.
    • 10th Class mark sheet
    • Passport
  • Application Fees for Learner’s Licence
  • If you are residing in other cities, you can submit the rental agreement with a copy of a recent utility bill like electricity bill or gas bill as current address proof.
  • At least six copies of passport size photographs
  • Medical Certificate – Form 1 A and 1 which is to be signed by a certified Government doctor (if applicable).
  • Filled application form. (You can download the form from the state RTO portal or you can procure the form from the nearest RTO office)

After a month of the issued learner’s licence, the person must appear for the test in front of an RTO authority, who upon proper examination, will declare if he/she has passed the exam or not.

Checklist of documents required for applying driving licence:

To ensure that there is no delay in the application process, the documents that are to be submitted must be valid and correct. Therefore the list of documents required for driving licence are:

  • Age Proof (any one document from the list given below)
    • Birth Certificate
    • PAN Card
    • Passport
    • 10th Class mark sheet
    • Transfer certificate from any school for any class with date of birth printed on it.
  • Proof of Address required for DL:
    • Permanent Proof of address (any one document from the list given below):
      • Passport
      • Aadhaar Card
      • Self-owned house agreement
      • Electricity bill (issued in applicant’s name)
      • LIC bond
      • Voters ID Card
      • Ration card
    • Current Proof of address (any one document from the list given below):
      • Rental agreement and electricity bill
      • Rental agreement and LPG bill
  • Other Requirements for Driving Licence:
    • Duly filled application form (to get the application form for driving licence, visit the nearest RTO or download it from the online portal for your state)
    • 1 passport sized photograph
    • Application Fees
    • If you are staying in other cities, as current address proof, you can present the rental agreement with one recent utility bill copy which can be gas bill or electric bill.
    • Medical Certificate – Form 1 A and 1 which is to be issued by a certified Government doctor
    • For all applicants over the age of 40 years, a Medical certificate is mandatory.

Fee structure details:

Type of application Old fees (in INR) New fees (in INR)
Learner’s licence 30 200
Learner’s licence renewal 40 200
International driver’s licence 500 1,000
Driving Licence Fees 40 200
Driver’s licence test 50 300
Driver’s licence renewal 50 200

Stages in Application Submission in Leaner’s Licence:

Prerequisites for the Learner’s Licence

Individuals can now apply for a Learner’s Licence online as well and avoid the hassle of standing in long queues. They will have to visit the official website of their State’s Transport Department and download the application form. They will have to fill the form and upload it along with the required documents which include a proof of address, proof of identity, passport size photograph(s) and the fee. Once the application has been submitted, they can choose a slot and appear for the test, on the said day.

Preparation for Written Test

Individuals will have to undergo a written test only for the procurement of a Learner’s Licence. Applicants, in this test, will be marked based on their knowledge of traffic signs and signals along with traffic rules and regulations. To pass the test, applicants will have to obtain at least 60%.

To appear for this test, applicants will have to read up on signs, traffic signals, basic rules that are to be followed while driving and so on. Having a thorough knowledge of the above will enable applicants to pass the test.

Once they pass the test, they will receive their Learner’s Licence. Therefore individuals with a Learner’s Licence only can drive under the supervision of another person who has a Driving Licence and their vehicle must display the letter ‘L’ in red tape.

Stages in Application Submission in Driving Licence

Test Procedure for Driving licence in India

  • You can apply for a permanent Driving licence after 30 days from the date of issuance of Learners licence. Most importantly application for permanent Driving licence must be filed within 180 days from the issue date of Learners licence, otherwise the LLR will be invalidated.
  • Submit all relevant documents (including driving licence test slot booking slip if you have booked the slot online) and pay the fees for taking the Driving licence test at the designated counter. Also get the receipt and approach the allotted track cabin to take the test.
  • You must be present in person is mandatory for the Driving licence test at least an hour before the allotted time. You will have to take a test before or along with the Motor Vehicle Inspector (MVI) at the designated track.

Track Test for Two-Wheeler Driving

Different states have different test tracks and procedures. Generally, for two wheelers, you will be asked to drive a two-wheeler in a path designed in shape of number 8. Also, the Motor Vehicle Inspector will check if you are using indicators and relevant hand signals while driving. You will have to trace the shape of number 8 in your vehicle without your legs touching the ground. Applicants will be tested for their skills, knowledge of hand signals and indicators and if they can complete the track without their legs touching the floor. If applicants pass the test, then they will receive their Driving Licence for the same.

Track Test for Four-Wheeler Driving

For a four-wheeler driving licence test, the Motor Vehicle Inspector will ask you to ride the car in a track and will note your skills. You must show proper hand signals, use the indicator and apply brakes wherever necessary. Also, shift the gears smoothly and use side & rear-view mirrors while driving. Possible test applicants will have to do is as following,

  • Forward driving on an 8-shaped track
  • Backward driving on an S-shaped track
  • Drive on a road with upward slope while preventing any backward movement

In case you fail the test, you will be eligible to take the test again after 7 days. However, you will need to submit the fees again.

If the performance is deemed satisfactory by the testing authority, the Asst. RTO will confirm the status on issuing of the driving licence. Then, you will be transferred to a room and your photo will be captured by a computer. And the next day between the duration of 4.30 PM to 5.30 PM, you can avail your driving licence.

 Format of Driving Licence in India:

The driving licence in India has a format. Let us understand this format by using an appropriate example:

Let us say that you stay in Tamil Nadu and the vehicle you own has the licence plate number TN-01-2009-0004558 (reference use only).

  • The first two characters TN indicate the state where the vehicle is registered. In this example, it is Tamil Nadu.
  • 01 is the city code.
  • 2009 is the year when the licence was printed and given to the user.
  • The following digits form the unique identification number for the user.


Feel happy and responsible while driving!!!

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