Installation

Maven is a Java tool, so you must have Java installed in order to proceed.

System Requirements

Java Development Kit (JDK) Maven 3.3+ require JDK 1.7 or above to execute – they still allow you to build against 1.3 and other JDK versions by Using Toolchains
Memory No minimum requirement
Disk Approximately 10MB is required for the Maven installation itself. In addition to that, additional disk space will be used for your local Maven repository. The size of your local repository will vary depending on usage but expect at least 500MB.
Operating System No minimum requirement. Start up scripts are included as shell scripts and Windows batch files.

Steps to Setup Maven

  1. Download Apache Maven
  2. Extract Apache Maven
  3. Ensure JAVA_HOME in Environment Variable
  4. Add MAVEN to Environmental Variable
  5. Ensure Maven Installation

Download Apache Maven

When I was writing this article, Apache Maven 3.6.0 is the latest release and recommended version for all users. While you read this article, Maven might have released some other version and you can continue to setup the latest version. Apache Maven can be downloaded from below link,

https://maven.apache.org/download.cgi

Maven is distributed in several formats for your convenience. Simply pick a ready-made binary distribution archive and follow the installation instructions. Use a source archive if you intend to build Maven yourself.

Extract Apache Maven

Once downloaded, Extract distribution archive in any directory.

unzip apache-maven-3.6.0-bin.zip

or

tar xzvf apache-maven-3.6.0-bin.tar.gz

Alternatively use your preferred archive extraction tool.

Ensure JAVA_HOME in Environment Variable

Ensure JAVA_HOME environment variable is set and points to your JDK installation.

JAVA_HOME

Add MAVEN to Environmental Variable

Navigate to Environment variable and add bin directory of MAVEN installation directory.

 

Ensure Maven Installation

Open a new command prompt (Winkey + R then type cmd) and run mvn -v to verify the installation. The result should look similar to,

Apache Maven 3.5.3 (3383c37e1f9e9b3bc3df5050c29c8aff9f295297; 2018-02-25T01:19:05+05:30)
Maven home: C:\apache-maven-3.5.3\bin\..
Java version: 1.8.0_171, vendor: Oracle Corporation
Java home: C:\Program Files\Java\jre1.8.0_171
Default locale: en_IN, platform encoding: Cp1252
OS name: "windows 10", version: "10.0", arch: "amd64", family: "windows"

In my case, my machine was already installed with Apache Maven 3.5.3. So don’t get confused with version.

Unix-based Operating System (Linux, Solaris and Mac OS X) Tips

  • Check environment variable value
echo $JAVA_HOME
/Library/Java/JavaVirtualMachines/jdk1.8.0_45.jdk/Contents/Home
  • Adding to PATH
export PATH=/opt/apache-maven-3.6.0/bin:$PATH

Conclusion

Hence the Maven setup is so easy to complete with few steps and verification.

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